How do real companies get there...
The researcher William Ouchi explains the mechanism of bureaucracy, and how it grows inevitably in a fragmented organization.
Management thinkers have given their warning. Gary Hamel , Allen Ward, Konosuke Matsushita, Clausewitz and von Moltke, Joseph Tainter, and Chris Argyris all explain the same pattern from different perspectives.
Nokia Mobile Phones fell from 40 BN revenue and 9 BN profit to zero in five years. Coordination Chaos was critical in the collapse of R&D productivity. It constrained the strategic decisions of the top management, and contributed to the management by fear.
Figure by Christian Sandström