Fragmentation and bureaucracy grow when you specialize to Role, Function, Task, or Component.
Are you powerless in front of silos, confusion, and slowness? Is even dreaming of a better way impossible?
The researcher William Ouchi explains the mechanism of bureaucracy, and how it grows inevitably in a fragmented organization.
Management thinkers have given their warning. Gary Hamel , Allen Ward, Konosuke Matsushita, Clausewitz and von Moltke, Joseph Tainter, and Chris Argyris all explain the same pattern from different perspectives.